Art Deco Cars

To understand the art deco cars we should first know the art deco itself. Art Deco is a purely decorative art which we can say eclectic artistic. It has begun in the 20s and continued until after World War 2.  Art Deco affected all areas of design throughout the 1920s and 1930s, including architecture and industrial design, as well as the visual arts such as paintings, the graphic arts and movies.

All these years I  really admired art deco cars, or the cars made recently but their designs effected by art deco. In the early 30s the cars had this incredible elite, strong look. They were like todays Rolls Royces. For example,

In contemporary world there are lots of different styles but yet I still like the ones who are inspired from Art Deco movement. For example,

These cars has long fronts which may consider as “manly”. I actually agree with that. I also like the front lights. They are not fit in the car and gives the car a character.

Although many design movements have political or philosophical roots or intentions, Art Deco was purely decorative. This speciality of this art movement makes these designs purely beautiful but on the other hand sometimes lack of practicability.

 

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Deconstructivism

Deconstructivism is an art movement which has started in the late 1980s. Deconstructivsm has used in many branchs of art; painting, design, typography, music, architecture, etc. I have always found deconstructivist architecture interesting. Deconstructivisim in architecture was called deconstruction, and was a development of postmodern architecture. The character of this style is coming from ideas of fragmentation, using different materials for the surface or skin, non-rectilinear shapes which if for distorting and dislocating some of the elements of basic architecture. (Structure and envelope). The exhibited structures are mostly stimulating unpredictability and a controlled chaos.

UFA-Kristall Filmpalast

Guggenheim Museum Bilbao

Wexner Center Gridwork

Seattle Central Library

Imperial War Museum

The reason why i choose this topic is that these buildings are interesting. They are not some cheap designs , they are art. Once a person sees these building he/she stops and watchs the building admiring. If i see these kind of building, I would go around it to see whats behind, because it makes you wonder. I also like the simpleness, less use of window, using iron or steel for the walls makes it look much more elite.

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Alejandro Virasoro

Alejandro Virasoro is an Art Deco artist who lives in Argentina. Art Deco can be considered as eclectic artistic and design style, which has first come up in Paris in 20th century. This Art Deco style has begun 1920s and finished around after World War 2.  The “Art Deco” term come up after an exhibition in 1966 refering to the 1925 Exposition Internationale des Arts Décocoratifs et Industriels Modernesthat was culmination of high end style moderne in Paris. (Wikipedia)

Anyhow Art Deco occured through all over the world and in every art style including  industrial design, architecture, visual arts such as painting, graphic arts film, etc. At that time period Art Deco style seen as elegant, glamorous, functionaş and modern. In Argentina the lead artist was Alejandro Virasoro. He was an architect. He was introduced Art Deco in 1926.

La Equitativa del Plata

Casa del Teatro y Teatro Regina

Banco El Hogar Argentino

La residencia y estudio de Virasoro, en 1930

La Residencia de Virasoro (derecha) junto a la que diseñó para Pedro Ganduglia (izquierda)

La casa de Jaime Gaza (Indonesia 26)

Edificio Heinlein y Cía.

Sanatorio De Cusatis

 

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Theo van Doesburg

Theo van Doesburg was a Dutch artist whos is best known with founding of De Stijl. He was also painter, writer, poet and architect. He has done some dadaist works and he is the lead dada artist in Netherlands.

 

This is a portrait of Theo van Doesburg as Sergeant Küpper. c1915.

This is a mondrian style made architecture. Which Theo van Deosburg made when he become friends with Mondrian and made Counter-Composition XVI and after that he used the same pattern to make this architecture art.

These are dada works which is again made by van Doesburg. As like all other dada works these also contain the word “dada” and artist names. The overall view is again offensive and chaotic. Like all other dada works Theo van Doesburg also used black and red which shows the effects of world war. Dada manifesto says that art is not for artforsake and dada is against everything. It is against art, against war, against politics, etc. Theo van Doesburg is a Dutch dada artist and he led this act in netherlands.

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Microlithography and nanolithography

Nanolithography and mictolithography are both subheadings of lithography and they are both made of lithographic patterning methods. If the features are smaller than 10 micrometers then they will be part of microlithographic, also if features are smaller then 100 nanometers they are called ananolithographic. Best known method is photolithography which is made of semiconductor manufactoring of microchips. Photolitography originally needs pre-fabricated photomask.

There are some other technics also used in nanolithography such as electron beam lithography which provides much higher patterning resolution. In some cases it is as small as couple of nanometers. Another technic is maskless lithography. This technic doesn’t require to generate the final pattern which means final pattern is done directly from computer. This technic is much slower then photolithography.

Other techniques can be named as; nanoimprint lithography, interference lithography, X-ray lithography, extreme ultraviolet lithography, magnetolithography and scanning probe lithography.

microlithography

nanolithography

photolithography

interference lithography

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Calligraphy

Roots of Calligraphy is coming from ancient Greek and means beauty + writing. It is a variation of visual arts. It can also be called fancy writing or lettering. A good explanation of calligraphy is “the art of giving form to signs in an expressive, harmonious and skillful manner” (Mediavilla 1996: 18).

This is the tool that calligraphers use.

Modern Western calligraphyby Denis Brown

Old English Calligraphy by Denis Brown

From Chinese calligraphy expo.

Also graffiti is another subhead of calligraphy which is created much more later then other calligraphies. It has been created in the 1960s by writing (violating) to public to private property. Graffity always seemed as anarchist, destruction based and vandalism to society but in artist vision it has called passionate art which feeds the soul of todays expressionism. Eventhough graffiti and calligraphy share similar attributes still they are comin from different regions of communities and cultures.

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Northern Renaissance Art

I have chosen this topic because both Dürer and Gutenberg were inside of Northern Renaissance and they have extremely important role on typography. Northern renaissance art can also be called detailed realism of Early Netherlandish painting.

Mostly they have detailed painting style which is also can be told as realistic. All of the figures has perfectionist face. In further information, at those times there is a perfect male and female figure faces, and they used this style in every art perception. A regular human face never occurs in these paintings. Also they have religious topic in all of them.

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The Dürer device

Albrecht Dürer was painter, engraver, mathematician and wood carver. He was a German designer. He was the one who is created a technic for typography and he is the one combined typography with mathematics. He allways combined the maths with art. He also found the Dürer device.

This device can also be called perspective machine. In nude art it is hard to create a proper feeling of depth and perspective, but with this tool it is much easier. Basically this item is like a window which contains many equal sized squares. The paper which the artist uses also has same squares. This way when the artist always looks from the same height he/she will see at some squares some body parts fits and some don’t. That way for example in the picture above the head of the woman can fit in one square but her knee will cover up like at least 4 squares. That way the artist can give the perspective to the painting. Also if the painter uses a wood or something like that to not to lose the height, it would be easier. (As you can see in the picture the artist places his chin to a wooden stick).

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In memory of Gutenberg

Johannes Gutenberg is the founder of modern printing technic. He was a goldsmith and he created movable type.

With this technic, printing press has developed and people started to print their ideas massively so that this resulted in huge developement in science and scholarship.

Gutenberg was one of the climax points in the history of knowledge and evolution of science and he deserved great monumnents and sculptures in his name.

 

Here are some examples how those people show their respect to Gutenberg.

This sculpture’s name is “Germany Land of Ideas”. It hase made in the honor of Gutenberg. It contains the name of great German scientists, writers, thinkers and researchers names carved on books.

This is a stamp which is made in the honor of Johannes Gutenberg.

This is a Gutenberg monument in Mainz. It is created in 1837 by Thorvaldsen.

 

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Carolingian art

Carolingian art was created between 780 – 900 AD in Frankish Empire. These years could also be named as Carolingian Renaissence which is happened during the rule of Charlemagne. This art was created in the honor of important monastries but under the control of imperial patronage. It is basically reviving of the Mediterranean styles and art forms. We can call this applying the human figure in Northern confidence and can also be considered as a passage for Romanesque art. Thats why it is also called pre-Romanesque art.

This is an example of Carolingian art. Lorsch Gospels 778–820. Charlemagne’s Court School. Classical 2d drawing with no shadow, human figure in the middle and based on religion.

St. Matthew from the Coronation Gospels, 795-819 A.D. Another example which also has the same features.

Carolingian Miniscule (Beginning of the Book of Exodus). This book was also created in Carolingian era. This times were the very early times of the books, all hand written but also contains some artworks and drawings. Sometimes precious substances are also used in these scripts such as gold, silver, etc.

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